In these days of continuously increasing process of globalization it is but natural that a subject like that of higher education emerges predominantly at international level, or discussions pertaining to internationalization of higher education becomes vital all over the world. It is because globalization and internationalization are, despite being two different subjects –having different meanings, purposes and basic spirits in their roots in particular, connected to one-another.
How are they connected to one-another and how are they different in their respective meanings, purposes and basic spirits which they have in their roots? To be acquainted with answers to these important questions, it is necessary to have clarity about their respective meanings, purposes and basic spirits. By this clarity it will also be easy to proceed further to discuss and analyze the subject in hand.
First about internationalization! The word internationalization is made of international, which generally means involving at least two nations –in political and economic activities in particular. Contrary to it, globalization, made of the word global, covers the whole world –the globe. In other words, all those who are living on this planet are within the scope of the word global, it does not matter which country or state they belong to. Along with academic and educational activities, all other subjects related to life, which can be counted for the larger welfare of humanity, are essentially within the ambit of global –globalization.
Hence, with this acquaintance in short with the word-meanings and purpose of the both –international and global, the spirits which remain in the roots of the words internationalization and globalization become evident automatically. However, for more clarity the following three points can be counted in this very context:
· In comparison the scope of globalization is far extensive than internationalization;
· Globalization is in its true meaning and purpose fully dedicated to the larger welfare of one and all; for, it calls for ample cooperation. Contrary to it, it is not necessary that activities related to internationalization pave the way for the larger welfare of people or develop the spirit of cooperation at large scale; and
· The process of globalization is more natural in comparison with internationalization. Furthering steps of globalization are definitely the outcome of continuously increasing process of development –at all levels and in all walks of life. It is undoubtedly mounting steps towards transforming the ancient Indian slogan of Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam into a reality.
Therefore, I am of the firm opinion that it would be better and more appropriate if any of the events related to higher education is connected to the word globalization, and not to internationalization. I will also try to express my views having globalization of higher education as the nuclei.
In principle education in its real meaning and purpose is a subject of globalization. Therefore, all accomplishments or gains by education should pave the way for the welfare of one and all. Further, education is a subject of realization and knowledge. It paves the way for all-round development of personality on the basis of knowledge with continuously development of study and skill –the two foremost aspects of it in particular. Therefore, paving the way for the welfare of one and all, and gathering people’s cooperation at larger scale are the prime expectations from education. That is why; scholars of repute, while deciding for scopes of the two –globalization and internationalization, keep aspects related to academic and educational fields within the range of the former, and not the later. Thus, the state becomes clear. To say, education is connected with globalization. Therefore, discussions on a subject like that of globalization of higher education stands rather sound. It is important and significant to discuss it widely and properly.
Note: This article is based on extract of a lecture delivered as the Chief Guest by Professor Dr. Ravindra Kumar at a two days international seminar organized on the theme Internationalization of higher education by the Vivek College of Education, Bijnor [U. P., India] on November 25-26, 2012.
1. Having 601 universities of almost all the continents of the earth as its members.
2. Especially for the fourth global survey for internationalization of higher education covering more than eight thousand institutions around the world.
3. Founded in 1948 with its headquarter in Washington DC [USA], and having currently ten thousands members representing approximately three thousand institutions of higher education. The NAFSA is in fact for the advancement of international education and exchange and for global workforce development in particular. Moreover, the NAFSA is serving well the international educators, their institutions and organizations by establishing principles of good practice, providing training and professional development opportunities, networking opportunities and advocating for international education –to say global education.
4. Founded in 1994 with its current headquarter at the University of Arizona in Tucson [USA], and having one hundred thirty members to advice and connects higher education institutions interested in establishing or strengthening educational-academic collaborative programs in the North American region. It is the largest and most comprehensive network of institutions from the NAFTA region, offering student exchanges, annual conferences, professional development programmes and direct advice to its members.