“कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन। मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते संगोऽस्त्वकर्मणि॥”
India’s contribution to the treasures of philosophy of life is the utmost, unprecedented and the highest. It is unique and incomparable in almost all branches of philosophy –socio-religious and cultural in particular, and it is accepted by all around the world.
Indian philosophy [Bharatiya Darshan] as a whole relies on a direct vision through the search of truth [Satya] with reasoning. It is, in fact, self-evident from the meaning of Sanskrit word Darshan. Darshan signifies for direct vision. Direct vision and reasoning are, thus, the two fundamentals of Indian philosophy.
Further, these are the foremost principles of Indian philosophy:
1. Unveiling mysteries of life with a broad perspective, search for truth;
2. Recognizing Ahimsa [non-violence] as the supreme human value and making forbearance and tolerance, two of the most basic tenets of all human actions. This paves the way to create an atmosphere surcharged with harmony, which is a pre-requisite for co-operation among fellow-beings;
3. Approving the Law of Change, which is eternal; and
4. Accepting the reality of Universal Unity.
The Vedic-Hindu view and thinking are the spirits on which Indian philosophy is founded. The Vedic-Hindu way of life has affected it the most, while Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism etc. also branch from Indian philosophy. Moreover, due to its universal appeal the Vedic-Hindu view has influenced in one way or the other, more or less, all philosophies emerged or developed for thousands of years all over the world.
The Vedas are undoubtedly the chief sources of the Vedic-Hindu view. In them Brahman –Paramatman [Absolute Atman], Parameshwara, Ishwara or Bhagawan is the Supreme Authority. He is the all pervading [Sarvavyapaka], the symbolic of Universal Unity [Sarvabhaumik Ekata]. Everything –movable and immovable is within His control. He is the Creator, the Keeper and the Liberator.
Besides the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Puranas, the Smrities, and the Shrimadbhagavad-Gita are the other chief treatises or the text of the Vedic-Hindu view, or the Hinduism. The Upanishads are known as the Vedanta –the end of the Veda.
Thus, they are an indivisible part of the Vedas; also, the prime basis of the Vedic metaphysics. As the fundamental source of the Vedic-Hindu view, the Upanishads also guide man for acquiring knowledge of the Ultimate Reality [Brahman-Jnana] and lead him to the pathway to salvation. The Upanishads deal with knowledge to make the life worthy and meaningful.